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Judaism 101
#1
“In the beginning”, Judaism has one specific meaning for religion which represents the relationship between G-D and Israel, Berith* (covenant), a mutual “agreement” or “contract.”. The first Berith (covenant) of G-D was made with Noah as the representative of all mankind. G-D would never again destroy the world by flood if mankind agreed to the observance of certain Laws, such as not to shed or eat blood. It is a universal idea that applies to all mankind. The Covenant of Noah then was the covenant of mankind.

It's what you do, not what you say and what you do is who you are,

Avraham

*(berith) is translated “covenant” in English versions, but, it refers to legal dispositions or pledges that have the character of an “agreement.” Sometimes a ברית is more in the nature of a one-sided promise or grant. When English readers see the word “covenant” in the Bible, it is important to bear this in mind,The issue is important because misunderstandings along this line can have some serious consequences for theology.
#2
G-D chooses Avraham as one who was faithful to His Moral code which was given to Noah. He makes a special Berith (covenant) with Avraham and this Berith, which now includes circumcision, was a precursor of the one He makes with Israel at Sinai where Israel is consecrated as an “eternal nation’’ and guardian of the divine covenant G-D makes with them.

Unlike Pagan religions where the gods lived among them and took human form and wives, as the Christian god does, Israel’s G-D formed an allegiance with Israel but maintains His reserve and acts as a moral force and through the implementation of His Law He appeals to Israel’s spiritual nature.


It's what you do, not what you say and what you do is who you are,


Avraham
#3
I uphold the covenant: I uphold Jesus.
Or how do you like this: the Spirit makes a new covenant with you, unless you leave the land of Israel, you will have no further inheritance with G\D?
#4
Avraham

You make a good point and am curious. When reading the bible in english how should we interprate "Berith"? As a contract or as a mutual agreement? In my mind they can mean 2 different things? For instance the bible I use most often is "Tanakh a new translation of the Holy scriptures according to the traditional hebrew text" written by the Jewish publication society. They always use the word covenant. The dictionary adds to the meaning covenant in english as a wrtiiten agreement or a promise usually under a seal. Does the hebrew change the meaning? I read your footnote can you explain further please.

Thank you
#5
(04-19-2012, 05:57 AM)Maglorix Wrote: Avraham

You make a good point and am curious. When reading the bible in english how should we interprate "Berith"? As a contract or as a mutual agreement? In my mind they can mean 2 different things? For instance the bible I use most often is "Tanakh a new translation of the Holy scriptures according to the traditional hebrew text" written by the Jewish publication society. They always use the word covenant. The dictionary adds to the meaning covenant in english as a wrtiiten agreement or a promise usually under a seal. Does the hebrew change the meaning? I read your footnote can you explain further please.

Thank you

Gen 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

Strong's H1285 bĕriyth sense of cutting (cutting a deal)

1) covenant, alliance, pledge

a) between men

1) treaty, alliance, league (man to man)

2) constitution, ordinance (monarch to subjects)

3) agreement, pledge (man to man)

4) alliance (of friendship)

5) alliance (of marriage)

b) between God and man

1) alliance (of friendship)

2) covenant (divine ordinance with signs or pledges)

Gen 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Avraham
The idea of G-D’S Covenant to Israel suggested to the Prophet Hosea the analogy with a conjugal relation, a conception of love and loyalty which became typical of a tender relation between G-D and Israel. As the Prophet Jeremiah and the Book of Deuteronomy put it, this Covenant was “indestructible and inviolable”. G-D’S Covenant with Israel is everlasting like with the heavens and the earth; it is ever renewed in the hearts of Israel but never replaced. Our Covenant with G-D is a mutual agreement that binds both parties.

It's what you do, not what you say and what you do is who you are,

Avraham
#6
Here's a teaching by Nehemia Gordon; one of the natural-born who understands the difference between genuine Judaism and traditional Judaism.
This is long, but worth the time:

http://youtu.be/tddCNY6U77Y

#7
Judaism has a sublime yet simple conception of G-D. This lifts it above all other religions. The Jewish G-D is not one G-D among the many He is the only G-D. There is none like Him. Our G-D is beyond comparison. “He is not a man”, “there is none like Him”, “The gods that have not made the heaven and the earth these shall perish from the earth and under the heavens”.

The pagan gods and to some extent the triune god of the church, semi-pagan in origin, are the result of the human spirit moving away from G-D. Instead of leading them upward towards an ideal it leads them away from the very thing they seek.

Christianity has succeeded in dragging G-D back into the world of the senses and ancient mythologies of virgin births, death of gods, pluralities and image worship.

A Midrash tells us that when Moses went to Pharaoh to ask him to let his people go, Pharaoh held a list in his hand and said “behold this is the list of all of the gods in the world, I do not see your G-D on it”, Moses replied, “All your gods are mortal men and shall die and be buried in a Tomb like you, the G-D of Israel has nothing in common with them.”

Judaism takes an attitude towards paganism as one of exclusion, opposition and hostility.


It's what you do, not what you say and what you do is who you are,

Avraham
#8
(04-18-2012, 09:23 AM)Avraham Wrote: [b]“In the beginning”, Judaism has one specific meaning for religion which represents the relationship between G-D and Israel, Berith* (covenant), a mutual “agreement” or “contract.”.

In the beginning God created the Heaven and the Earth. Men began to call upon the name of God well before Israel was even birthed. Job not referred to as a Jew for example, was a man from Uz, and not written in the lineage of Abraham. Yet he was upright before God.

Judaism 101: It is an "ism" like Socialism, Fascism, Communism etc. and just like those three political parties it often detracts from the core to that of the opinion of man. Just as Judaism detracts from God and to the opinion of man i.e. Talmud, Midrash, Kabbalah, Ultra-Orthodox, Orthodox, Conservative, Reformed, Liberal...Karaite.

And you detract from the core and go to God and Israel only as 101? Haven't you ever read where even in the Old Testament God calls for the gentile nations to repent? It just isn't about the Covenant with Israel. It is so much more.

What you said isn't Judaism 101, it is more like Rabbi 101: My opinion.

If anyone wants real Judaism 101, just read Nehemiah ch. 10. and Ezra 3. Now that, is Judaism 101.

#9
The Law
Those who define Judaism as a religion of Law only completely misunderstand the meaning of the word Torah, its nature and intent. Torah denotes moral and spiritual instruction as often as Law. True, the Law is a foundation of Jewish history; Israel accepted the divine covenant at Sinai. Still from the very beginning the Law contained doctrines of kindness, “love thy neighbor”, how to treat ones animals, workers etc. This very legal system that Christianity often condemns is the very foundation and or influence of many governments around the world.

Isa 51:7
¶ Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart [is] my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.

It's what you do, not what you say and what you do is who you are,

Avraham

#10
(04-23-2012, 07:02 AM)Avraham Wrote: The Law
Those who define Judaism as a religion of Law only completely misunderstand the meaning of the word Torah, its nature and intent. Torah denotes moral and spiritual instruction as often as Law. True, the Law is a foundation of Jewish history; Israel accepted the divine covenant at Sinai. Still from the very beginning the Law contained doctrines of kindness, “love thy neighbor”, how to treat ones animals, workers etc. This very legal system that Christianity often condemns is the very foundation and or influence of many governments around the world.

Isa 51:7
¶ Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart [is] my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.

It's what you do, not what you say and what you do is who you are,

I see now what you're saying about law. But have you ever asked these people or do you know what religion of law means? What is the difference between religion of law and the law of Torah?

Also, it is a bit of an unfair generalization to say that Christians condemn those laws. It is often Christians who can point to comparative negligence found in the First Covenant and compare it with states in the U.S. that are known as comparative negligent states. To say that "Christianity condemns" in such a blanket statement over all of them, is like saying Jews rule the world, because of those Jews who are overtly rich. When that isn't true either.



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